This study aims on the Little evidence is available supporting the optimal treatment of type II endoleaks associated with aortic sac growth. Previous studies have lacked comparisons between treatment methods and long-term follow-up. The purpose of the present study was to review our center’s experience with the treatment of type II endoleaks comparing Onyx (a liquid embolization agent consisting of ethylene vinyl alcohol; Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minn) embolization and coil embolization.

A retrospective review of prospectively collected data from a vascular surgery database was performed to identify all patients who had undergone embolization of a type II endoleak for aortic sac growth after endovascular aneurysm repair from 2005 to 2018. The Onyx and coil embolization groups were compared using univariate statistics. Type II endoleaks associated with sac growth treated with Onyx were less likely to require further reinterventions than were those treated with coil embolization. A trend was found toward a greater need for endovascular aneurysm repair explant after coil embolization. With a high rate of further reintervention and potential for sac rupture, diligent follow-up is required after attempted type II embolization, regardless of the technique used.

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