The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the outcome of rectus femoris muscle flaps (RFFs) for deep groin wound complications in vascular surgery patients and to compare the outcome with a cohort of sartorius muscle flaps (SMFs) because the RFF is a promising alternative technique for groin coverage. All RFFs and SMFs performed by vascular surgeons in a regional collaboration in The Southern Netherlands were retrospectively reviewed. Primary outcomes were muscle flap survival, overall and secondary graft salvage, and limb salvage. Secondary outcomes were 30-day groin wound complications and mortality, donor site and vascular complications, 1-year amputation-free survival, overall patient survival, impaired knee extensor function, and length of hospital stay. This study presents a large series of RFFs for deep groin wound complications after vascular surgery. We demonstrate that muscle flap coverage using the rectus femoris muscle by vascular surgeons is an effective way to manage complex groin wound infections in a challenging group of patients, achieving similarly good results as the SMF. 

Reference link-