The study was done to devise a comparison between TCAT and WFO photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in fellow eyes of myopic patients.
Forty-six eyes of 23 patients who underwent PRK were included. WFO ablation was performed in one eye (WFO group) and TCAT in the fellow eye (TCAT group). The patients were observed for 1 year after the procedure.
One year after the surgery, there was no significant difference in the manifest refraction spherical equivalent, sphere, or cylinder variables between the two groups (P > .05). In both groups, 96% of eyes achieved an uncorrected distance visual acuity of 20/20 or better at 12 months postoperatively. Accuracy, safety, and efficacy of the refractive and visual outcomes were similar in the two groups. The postoperative higher order aberrations magnitude was lower in the TCAT group, but this was not statistically significant (P > .05). During the 12-month follow-up, no patient described any symptoms related to glare, halos, or starbursts in either eye. Other postoperative complications, such as infection or cor-neal infiltrates, did not occur in either group.
The study concluded that TCAT and WFO ablations provided similar outcomes after PRK for myopia and myopic astigmatism correction. There were no statistically significant differences in postoperative corneal wavefront analysis.