To investigate the characteristics of patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA)-related renal artery stenosis and identify the predictors of medium-term adverse outcomes.
Methods. Data for 567 patients registered in the East China Takayasu arteritis cohort, a large prospective observational cohort, up to April 30, 2019, were retrospectively analyzed.
Renal artery stenosis was confirmed in 172/567 (30.34%) patients, with left renal artery involvement seen in 73/172 (42.44%) patients. Renal insufficiency at presentation (HR 2.37, 95% CI 1.76–15.83, P = 0.03), bilateral renal artery involvement (HR 6.95, 95% CI 1.18–21.55, P = 0.01), and severe stenosis (> 75%; HR 4.75, 95% CI 1.08–11.33, P = 0.05) were predictors of adverse outcomes. A matrix model constructed using 3 variables (renal function, stenosis severity, and bilateral renal artery involvement) could identify 3 risk groups. Revascularization was performed for 46 out of 172 (26.74%) patients. Patients without preoperative treatment had higher rate of restenosis (41.46% vs 16.67%, P < 0.01) and worsening hypertension (25.93% vs. 10.53%, P < 0.01) after the procedure. Nonreceipt of preoperative treatment (HR 6.5, 95% CI 1.77–32.98, P = 0.04) and active disease at revascularization (HR 4.21, 95% CI 2.01–21.44, P = 0.04) were independent predictors of adverse outcomes after revascularization.
Reference link- https://www.jrheum.org/content/48/1/87