This study states that The problems with first-generation stent grafts for endovascular aneurysm repair are well known, but their long-term outcome remains to be established. The purpose of the study was to characterize the outcome of patients treated for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with a first-generation stent graft, Vanguard (Boston Scientific, Natick, Mass), in a single academic center with a follow-up of up to 20 years.
There were 48 AAA patients electively treated with a Vanguard stent graft between February 1997 and November 1999. The patients were monitored annually until the end of 2018. The outcomes were overall survival and the number of graft-related complications and reinterventions. The mean age was 70 years (range, 54-85 years), and the mean follow-up was 107 months (range, 6-262 months). All stent grafts were successfully implanted, but 90% of the patients encountered graft-related complications during follow-up. The most common complications were endoleaks (type I, 27%; type II, 29%; type III, 31%), stent fracture (46%), graft thrombosis (31%), and migration (40%).