Pediatric sepsis remains a major health problem and is a leading cause of death and long-term disability worldwide. This study aims to characterize epidemiologic, therapeutic, and outcome features of pediatric severe sepsis and septic shock in three Asian countries.

A multicenter retrospective study with longitudinal clinical data over 1, 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours of PICU admission. The primary outcome was PICU mortality. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors at PICU admission that were associated with mortality.

Improved hemodynamic variables (e.g., heart rate, blood pressure, and arterial lactate) were seen in survivors within 6 hours of admission as compared to nonsurvivors. In the multivariable model, admission severity score was associated with PICU mortality.

Mortality from pediatric severe sepsis and septic shock remains high in Asia. Consistent with current guidelines, most of the children admitted to these PICUs received fluid therapy and inotropic support as recommended.