This study states that The objective of this study was to compare the performance between the Viabahn balloon-expandable stent (VBX; Viabahn [W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz]) and a covered self-expandable stent (SES; Fluency [Bard Peripheral Vascular, Tempe, Ariz]) used as bridging stents for directional branches during fenestrated or branched endovascular aneurysm repair of complex aortic aneurysms.

Patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (type I-IV) or pararenal aortic aneurysms either at high risk for open repair or unsuitable for endovascular repair with commercially available devices were prospectively enrolled in a physician-sponsored investigational device exemption trial. Descriptive statistics of the cohort included demographics, risk factors, and anatomic and device characteristics. Individual branches were grouped as either VBX or SES and had data analyzed for primary patency, branch-related type I or type III endoleaks, branch instability, branch-related secondary intervention, and branch-related aortic rupture or death. Categorical variables were expressed as total and percentage, and continuous variables were expressed as median (interquartile range). Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate long-term results. Groups were compared with the log-rank test. P value <.05 was considered statistically significant.

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