Top 10 Physician Burnout Triggers

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Dr. Rob

Rob Lamberts, MD, is an internal medicine-pediatrics physician who blogs at More Musings (of a Distractible Kind).


Dr. Rob (click to view)

Dr. Rob

Rob Lamberts, MD, is an internal medicine-pediatrics physician who blogs at More Musings (of a Distractible Kind).

Being a doctor is a privilege, but sometimes the pressures can turn the nicest doc into a jerk.Here is my Top 10 list of things that make me feel symptoms of burnout.

It happened again. I was talking to a particularly sick patient recently who related another bad experience with a specialist.

“He came in and started spouting that he was busy saving someone’s life in the ER, and then he didn’t listen to what I had to say,” she told me. ” I know that he’s a good doctor and all, but he was a real jerk!” This was a specialist that I hold in particularly high esteem for his medical skill, so I was a little surprised, and told her so.

“I think he holds himself in pretty high esteem, if you ask me,” she replied, still angry.

“Yes,” I agreed, “he probably does. It’s kind of hard to find a doctor who doesn’t.”

She laughed and we went on to figure out her plan.

This encounter made me wonder: Was this behavior typical of this physician (something I’ve never heard about from him), or was there something else going on? I thought about the recent study which showed doctors are significantly more likely than people of other professions to suffer from burnout.

Compared with a probability-based sample of 3442 working US adults, physicians were more likely to have symptoms of burnout (37.9% vs 27.8%) and to be dissatisfied with work-life balance (40.2% vs 23.2%; P < .001 for both).

This is consistent with other data I’ve seen indicating higher rates of depression, alcoholism, and suicide for physicians compared with the general public. You would think physicians would have fewer self-esteem issues, as the medical profession is still held in high esteem by the public, is full of opportunities to “do good” for others, and (in my experience) is one in which people are quick to express appreciation for simply doing the job as it should be done. Yet this study not only demonstrated burnout, but a feeling of self-doubt few would associate with my profession:

Analyzing questionnaires sent to more than 7,000 doctors, researchers found that almost half complained of being emotionally exhausted, feeling detached from their patients and work or suffering from a low sense of accomplishment. — NY Times Health Blog

My experience with my own emotions in medicine, as well as my experience with other physicians, suggests that half the physicians in the survey are probably lying. Being a doctor is certainly a great privilege, but it is also an enormous tax on the emotions. Since I haven’t done other jobs, I can’t compare — but there are many days I find myself wishing I had a job I could just do and then leave at the office. The changes in healthcare over the 18 years I’ve practiced have increased that frustration and fatigue, causing me to catch myself pining for the “good old days.” Ugh.

It is interesting that the study showed the highest rates of burnout in the “front line” professions, such as family medicine, internal medicine, and emergency medicine. So what is it in my job that makes me feel symptoms of burnout? Here’s my top 10 list:

1. The pressure to see a high volume of patients. Because I am paid by volume, I am constantly pressured to spend less time with my patients. This makes me feel like I’m not doing a good job on anyone.
2. The fact that good work is penalized. When I do explain things, call people, or just act friendly toward my patients, I am rewarded with a lower salary. I constantly have to choose between doing good and getting paid, and that’s really lousy.
3. The piles of paperwork. This has grown steadily over time, and is barely reimbursed at all. The time I spend doing paperwork takes away from my productive time with patients, time with my family, or my own personal time to take care of Rob.
4. The ridiculous rules. Complying with coding requirements for documentation, according to “meaningful use rules,” and dealing with increasingly invasive rules around prescribing controlled drugs nauseates me. Not only are these rules complicated and confusing, but noncompliance (intentional or not) could make me lose my license or worse.
5. Dr. Oz and his cronies. I single out Oz only because of his overall influence (and to get back at Oprah for her vendetta against me), but the proliferation of medical information delivered with self-serving balderdash is both annoying and destructive. I don’t want to explain why all fatigue is not thyroid-related, nor why gluten is not a toxin, yet I must do so to be able to care for my patients.
6. The evening news. The love affair the news shows have with the “latest study” is enough to make me consider experimentation in television/baseball bat mating. Every day there is a study showing that what was helpful last month will now kill you. It’s all headline grabbing for money, and I spend an increasing amount of my time dealing with it.
7. Drug seekers. Fueled by codependent doctors who can’t say no to requests for controlled substances, far too much of my day is spent explaining why Percocet® is not a good choice for chronic pain, and daily Xanax® will just make things worse. A huge percentage of my phone messages are about these medications and I would gladly stop prescribing them altogether if they didn’t help some of my patients as much as they do.
8. Politics and medicine. I’ve already said enough on this issue. Unfortunately, the politicians are supposed to fix this mess, and that’s a pretty depressing reality.
9. The constant weight of responsibility. Over the past 18 years I have never had time away from this reality. It isn’t gone when I go home, and it doesn’t disappear when I go on vacation. I can do 18 years of good work, but I can never coast. The next exam room may be that child with subtle meningitis, or the person seriously considering suicide. It’s in the fine print of the job, and I accept that, but it gets pretty heavy over time.
10. Knowing that it can all crash any moment. If I miss one case of meningitis, don’t address the depression properly, or simply have a bad day, my reputation could be ruined.

Any day could be “that day” when my life can becomes 100 times harder. Despite a career of doing good, one bad day can put me in the spotlight as a “bad doctor.”
So do I want you to feel sorry for me? Please, no. But I do want people, especially those who regularly put doctors in their crosshairs, to remember that this is a really, really tough job. Yes, it’s a privilege, but sometimes the pressures can turn the nicest doc into a jerk, the most careful clinician into a quack, and the most caring person cold.

Some of the things on my list are just part of the job, while others are caused by the ills of society and our ridiculous system. We need to fix what we can for both doctors and patients. We also need to understand that we are all human (despite repeated evidence to the contrary).

Rob Lamberts, MD, is an internal medicine-pediatrics physician who blogs at More Musings (of a Distractible Kind).



  1. This can’t be anymore accurate or better representation of what physicians go through on daily basis .. Totally true !!
    Add to this the enormous hours we spend at the IPA’s meetings, just talking about the new HCC codes that may add revenues … tgat i dont really see it happening .. however we spend hours in this stupid mandatory meetings .. forgetting that the aim of being a doctor is to provide the best care and most up todate treatment modules, that we can better use our time to discuss and learn instead of learning about these precious HCC’s .. Etc
    It is really getting worse everyday !!

  2. When you spend time with a patient explaining or just listening to more than you need to, you are actually losing money because that could have been time spent with another patient. Primary care physicians get paid from the volume of patients not by how nice or caring the doc is to their patients.

  3. Hey Rob I dont know if you read these comments, it was a very interesting article but could expand on point #2, why are you penalised for what would seem like positive actions?

    • Doctors are paid more for more volume, and more time spent with each patient means either longer work hours or less patient volume. Either is a penalty, and the risk of up-coding to a higher level of visit (with a small incremental increase in pay) is generally not worth taking (fraud accusations are hard to disprove). The highest paid docs are the ones who spend the least time with each patients. You would think that bad quality of care would be penalized, but it’s rewarded.

  4. Very well said, but why do physicians tolerate all you have said and more. Physicians allows government,, insuransce companies and even patients to run over the medical profesion, with little praise and mounting punishment. The government can make mistakes, misuse tax money and yet not made accountable to any of the wrong doings. A simple approval for the DEA to allow nurses at Long Term Facilites to be agents of physicians is still a long wait Even when more and more sicker post hospitalized patients are cared for at these facilitis.



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