The aim of this study is Postoperative infection after shoulder arthroplasty is a devastating complication. Multiple patient risk factors have been associated with postoperative infection, including increased body mass index and diabetes. Although the association between preoperative glucose control and infection has been established, little is known about the effect of perioperative glycemic control on outcomes following shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between postoperative glycemic variability and short-term complications after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). A retrospective study was performed at a large, single-specialty center from January 2015 to December 2018. Patients were included if they underwent primary TSA or RTSA with a minimum of 90 days’ follow-up and had a minimum of 1 serum glucose value obtained per day of the hospital stay or had ≥3 measurements obtained during the hospital admission period. The primary outcome variable was postoperative infection per accepted definitions of surgical-site infection or periprosthetic joint infection. Secondary outcome variables included stiffness, periprosthetic fracture, periprosthetic dislocation, and reoperation.

Reference link- https://www.jshoulderelbow.org/article/S1058-2746(20)30569-3/fulltext