This study states that Patients requiring abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair are at risk of post-operative complications due to poor pre-operative state. Pre-habilitation describes the enhancement of functional capacity and tolerance to an upcoming physiological stressor, intended to reduce those complications. The ability to provide such an intervention (physical, pharmacological, nutritional, or psychosocial) between diagnosis and surgery is a growing interest, but its role in AAA repair is unclear. This paper aimed to systematically review existing literature to better describe the effect of pre-habilitative interventions on post-operative outcomes of patients undergoing AAA repair. EMBASE and Medline were searched from inception to October 2020. Retrieved papers, systematic reviews, and trial registries were citation tracked.
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing post-operative outcomes for adult patients undergoing a period of pre-habilitation prior to AAA repair (open or endovascular) were eligible for inclusion.
Reference link- https://www.jvascsurg.org/article/S0741-5214(21)00636-4/fulltext