In the context of long-standing systemic racism in health care, highlighting disparities in the medical school-to-residency transition is critical. The percentage of Black residents in obstetrics and gynecology has dropped during the last decade. The cause of this worrying drop is unknown, but racial and ethnic biases in important residency application indicators are now being identified, and the use of these analytics to screen candidates is growing. 

Now is the moment for action and transformative change to address the causes that are negatively impacting our citizens’ ethnic diversity. Patients and students will benefit from more equal health care and improved results as a result of this.