This study states that Type II endoleaks are the most common type of endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and may cause late sac expansion and rupture. To prevent this, prophylactic embolization of aortic side branches has been suggested. The aim of this review was to assess the current evidence for this prophylactic treatment and its association with sac size enlargement as well as rate of and reintervention for type II endoleak. This was a systematic review and meta-analysis following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The MEDLINE and Scopus databases were used to search for related articles until March 2019. After screening, original studies reporting outcome comparing patients having prophylactic embolization with those undergoing EVAR without prophylactic embolization were included. An assessment of the quality of the included studies as well as data extraction was performed by two independent observers. Statistical analysis was performed using Review Manager 5.3 (The Nordic Cochrane Center, Copenhagen, Denmark).

There were 3777 publications identified. After elimination of duplicate entries and review of titles and abstracts, 13 retrospective cohort studies including 1427 patients comparing prophylactic embolization with standard EVAR therapy were identified.

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