The study was done to evaluate the potential of radiomics-based ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWFA)-derived imaging biomarkers in retinal vascular disease for predicting therapeutic durability of intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI).

27 treatment-naïve eyes were treated with 2 mg IAI q4 weeks for the first 6 months, and then administered q8 weeks. Morphological and graph-based attributes were used to model the spatial distribution of leakage areas, while tortuosity measures were used to model the vessel network disorder. Two new UWFA image-derived biomarkers were identified and extracted. The cross-validated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was 0.77±0.14 using baseline leakage distribution features and 0.73±0.10 for the UWFA baseline tortuosity measures. Additionally, the change in vascular tortuosity between month 4 and baseline yielded an AUC of 0.73±0.08. Three baseline clinical features of letter score, macular volume and central subfield thickness yielded a corresponding AUC of 0.42±0.09.

The study concluded that two computer-extracted UWFA radiomics-based descriptors were identified as potential biomarkers for predicting treatment durability and tolerance of longer treatment intervals. Conventional treatment parameters were not significantly different between these same groups.