Childhood pancreatitis, both acute and chronic, is becoming more common. When compared to adults, children’s etiologies are significantly different and primarily include genetic and anatomical variables, with a small contribution from environmental hazards. Acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP) in children have a substantial impact on quality of life and are associated with high healthcare expenditures. Children with these diseases experience repeated acute or chronic abdominal discomfort and are subjected to numerous emergency department visits, hospitalizations, treatments, and operations. Treatment options are limited, and diagnostic approaches are being developed.
This review encapsulates the most recent advances in pediatric ARP and CP. These insights will aid clinicians in providing the best possible care to youngsters suffering from these diseases.