SGLT2 (sodium-glucose cotransporter-2) inhibitors improve heart failure–associated outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. In patients with heart failure, SGLT2 inhibitors will likely be coprescribed with a loop diuretic, but this combined effect is not well-defined. Our aim was to assess the diuretic and natriuretic effect of empagliflozin in combination with loop diuretics. The RECEDE-CHF trial (SGLT2 Inhibition in Combination With Diuretics in Heart Failure) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of patients with type 2 diabetes and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction taking regular loop diuretic who were randomized to empagliflozin 25 mg once daily or placebo for 6 weeks with a 2-week washout period. The primary outcome was change in 24-hour urinary volume from baseline to week 6.

Twenty-three participants (mean age, 69.8 years; 73.9% male; mean furosemide dose, 49.6±31.3 mg/d; mean HbA1c, 7.9±3.8%) were recruited. Compared with placebo, empagliflozin caused a significant increase in 24-hour urinary volume at both day 3 (mean difference, 535 mL [95% CI, 133–936]; P=0.005) and week 6 (mean difference, 545 mL [95% CI, 136–954]; P=0.005) after adjustment for treatment order, baseline 24-hour urine volume, and percentage change in loop diuretic dose.

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