The aim is To determine factors associated with severe hospitalized Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated LRTI and to describe management in tertiary care center. Retrospective medical record review was conducted among children under 5 years old hospitalized with RSV-associated LRTI at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. Severe RSV-associated LRTI was defined as death, mechanical ventilator, or positive pressure ventilation use, prolonged hospitalization >7 days. Factors associated with severe RSV were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression.

From January 2011 to December 2016, 427 children were hospitalized. Median age was 10 months (IQR 4.2-23.0). One hundred seventy-four (41%) patients had severe RSV (11 deaths, 56 mechanical ventilators, 19 positive pressure ventilation, and 88 prolonged hospitalization). Factors associated with severe RSV were chronic lung disease (aOR 15.16 [4.26-53.91]), cirrhosis/biliary atresia (aOR 15.01 [3.21-70.32]), congenital heart disease (aOR 5.11 [1.97-13.23]), chemotherapy (aOR 4.7 [1.34-16.56]), and pre-term (aOR 2.03 [1.13-3.67]). Oxygen therapy was mainly low flow oxygen delivery. 88% of cases received bronchodilator. Parenteral antibiotics were prescribed in 37.9% of cases.

Reference link-