The goal of this study was to look at the relationship between rheumatology research productivity and different updated economic indicators from countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The Scimago Journal and Country rank sources were used to get the number of documents published, the number of citable documents, the number of citations, the number of citations per document, and the H-index for the 36 OECD nations in the area of rheumatology between 1996 and 2017. The most recent data on GDP per capita, total health spending as a percentage of GDP, and gross domestic expenditure on research and development as a percentage of GDP were obtained from the World Bank, OECD, and United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Web sites, respectively. Each OECD country’s link between economic indices and scientific productivity was examined. In all, 132,314 papers were examined. There was a moderate to high association observed between health spending and the number of papers published, the number of citable documents, the number of citations, and the H-index.

This study gives a recent focus on the link between academic production in rheumatology and OECD economic indices. The study discovered a positive moderate to a strong significant connection between total health expenditure as a percentage of GDP and several bibliometric variables, indicating another prospective benefit of national investment in this field.