Sexual dysfunction (SD) in female patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis (CHD) or who have undergone renal transplantation (RTx) is substantially higher than that of healthy women, according to a study published in International Urology and Nephrology. Iva Milić Vranješ, MD, and colleagues examined the prevalence of SD in female patients undergoing CHD and after RTx and compared these groups with each other and with healthy controls (HCs). They conducted a survey among 123 female participants, including 28 undergoing CHD, 39 after RTx, and 56 HCs without CKD. To assess sexual function and comorbidities, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire and Ifudu Comorbidity Index were used, respectively. Among all participants, those with CHD had the lowest scores in all sexual functioning domains. Compared with the age-adjusted control group, patients with CHD had lower scores in desire, orgasm, and FSFI full score, whereas patients with RTx had lower total FSFI scores and scores in all domains except for desire compared with HCs.