Sexual health is inversely associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate and is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes, depression, poor self-image, and impaired quality of life. Many women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and ESKD experience symptoms of sexual dysfunction which is underrecognized secondary to a variety of factors including physicians’ discomfort in discussing sexual health, patients’ reluctance to bring up sexual health, difficulty in the assessment of sexual health in comparison to men, and the overall lack of well-conducted clinical studies in women. The pathophysiology is not fully understood but likely involves changes in sex hormones throughout the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. Proper evaluation of this axis is necessary as treatment is tailored to these findings and can improve outcomes. A comprehensive assessment of sexual dysfunction inclusive of women with varying gender identification and sexual orientation,

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