The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of t-Branch (Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) stent graft for the treatment of thoracoabdominal and pararenal aortic aneurysms in patients who had previous infrarenal aortic repair.

A retrospective two-center study was undertaken. All consecutive patients who underwent endovascular repair using t-Branch stent graft after previous infrarenal aortic repair between January 2010 and August 2018 were included. During the first year of follow-up, survival, freedom from reintervention, and patency rates were recorded. The stenotic right renal artery was not catheterized at the initial procedure, and retrograde access was achieved through a right subcostal incision 3 days later with successful completion of the repair. Early mortality rate was 13%, and spinal cord ischemia rate was 22% (7/32); four patients had permanent and three had transient neurologic deficits. Early target vessel patency was 100%, and the rate of any endoleak was 9% (3/32); two patients had type II endoleaks and one patient had type III endoleak. The mean follow-up was 5.4 ± 5.9 months. The cumulative survival rate was 82% and 73% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. The freedom from aorta-related mortality was 92% at 6 and 12 months.

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