In this study We aimed to compare social media mentions (SMs) of vascular surgery publications and their impact on the literature citations (LCs) for them. We collected169 articles from three renowned vascular surgery journals (Journal of Vascular Surgery, Annals of Vascular Surgery, and European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery) in October 2016. SMs were tracked using Altmetric Bookmarklet for Twitter and Facebook mentions. The LCs were evaluated with Scopus and Google Scholar. The number of citations was compared between those with and without any SMs as well as among the three journals using nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis tests. The percentage of articles with SMs was compared among the three journals with a χ2 test. The relationship between numbers of SMs and LCs was assessed using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient and reported with 95% confidence intervals. Statistical significance was assigned at P < .05. There was a significant difference in the median number of total Scopus citations between those papers with and without SMs. The presence of SMs for vascular surgery publications, especially clinical science articles, is associated with a significantly increased number of median LCs >3 years after publication. The three journals did not differ with respect to median number of citations or percentage of articles with SMs.


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