The topic of chronic work-related conditions in surgeons requires more investigation and analysis because it is becoming increasingly recognized as an essential issue for the medical profession to address. This is due to the fact that burnout and well-being among physicians are becoming increasingly recognized as essential issues. In contrast to CEOs and businesspeople, the surgical community has needed more access to relevant data. CEOs and businesspeople have long recognized the association between improved worker health and morale and increased production. Recurrent musculoskeletal conditions, such as hand osteoarthritis, cervicalgia, back pain, and chronic peripheral nerve compression syndromes, affect a sizable percentage of spinal surgeons. These conditions can be debilitating and even lead to disability. Spine surgeons have the opportunity to potentially improve the health of their workplace by putting into practice a variety of different practices. These practices include using ergonomic training programs, an operating microscope or exoscope, powered instruments for pedicle screw placement, pneumatic Kerrison punches, and ultrasonic osteotomes, and using multiple surgeons or microbreaks for larger cases. However, these practices are not limited to just these items. It is necessary to conduct research in these areas because it is possible that doing so will result in improved ergonomics in operating rooms and longer working careers for surgeons. As a consequence, it is essential to conduct research in these areas.