Stunting, anemia, and LBW are the most common child health problems in Indonesia. These 3 variables can affect the nutritional status of children. Disorders will significantly affect children growth and development. Cognitive impairment is one of the long-term developmental disorders in children that occur due to stunting, anemia, and LBW. This research explored the impact of stunting on cognitive abilities.
In this cross-sectional study, there were the total subjects were 3563 children aged 7-14 years. The sample was collected using a total random sampling technique after clearing the data. The dependent variable was cognitive ability. The independent variables were anemia, stunting, and LBW. The data were analyzed using the Chi-square method and logistic regression.
The prevalence of stunting was 35.92%, anemia was 36.21%, children with a history of LBW were 7.69%, and children who had cognitive abilities below the average were 37.22%. Children who did not experience stunting improved their cognitive abilities.
This study concluded through its findings that the children who do not experience stunting improve their cognitive abilities.