Human Resources for Health (HRH) are crucial to the success of any healthcare organization. The lack of HRH has been a major issue in the healthcare system for quite some time. Public healthcare facilities that are both well-staffed and freely available to the public are absolutely necessary. Researchers analyzed the public sector’s HRH production, availability, vacancies, measures taken to close the HRH gap from 2014-2015 to 2019-2020, and the best practices adopted by some State/UTs, to get a better idea of what’s going on. They relied on government-issued statistics and reports. Although there have been substantial increases in a teaching capacity and the number of HRH registered in recent years, this has not translated into an increase in the hiring of HRH in publicly funded institutions. The current shortages can be alleviated by implementing measures such as campus placement, guaranteed career progression, an efficient and transparent recruitment process, a modern and responsive HR management system, financial and non-financial incentives, and notification of vacant posts. A number of states have already taken proactive steps toward filling the vacancies, and their examples can serve as models for others. There is an urgent need to fill the open positions. It is also the responsibility of the states to approve the necessary positions in accordance with the guidelines. When authorizing positions for these cadres in the healthcare sector, keeping the ratio between different types of healthcare workers in mind is important. Having HRH available in the public sector in accordance with standards would help achieve Sustainable Development Goal 3, reduce individual out-of-pocket costs, and have significant societal and economic benefits.