This study states that Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) humeral implant parameters have been previously studied with respect to range of motion, deltoid function, and stability. However, limited literature exists on the influence of humeral design features on scapular spine strain. The purpose of this cadaveric biomechanical simulator study was to evaluate the role of humeral component lateralization and neck-shaft angle (NSA) on scapular spine strain.

Eight fresh-frozen cadaveric shoulders were tested using an in vitro shoulder simulator. A custom-designed modular RSA system was implanted that allowed for the in situ adjustment of humeral lateralization and NSA. Scapular spine strain was measured by strain gauges placed along the acromion and scapular spine in clinically relevant positions representative of the Levy fracture zones. All testing was conducted in both abduction and forward elevation. Some humeral implant design features in RSA have effects on scapular spine strain. Humeral component lateralization had significant effects, whereas adjusting NSA resulted in no substantial differences in scapular spine strain.

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