It had been observed that peri-implant disease is linked to the immediate after-implant placement and loading, however, research on this hypothesis was lacking. The study was done to evaluate the prevalence of peri-implant disease after immediate implant placement and loading.

This study was a cross-sectional analysis that included a total of 47 patients with 64 implants exhibiting a mean loading time of 2 to 10 years. The surgical and prosthetic procedures were standardized in all patients. Peri-implant health and disease were assessed based on the established case definitions.

The prevalence of peri-implant health, peri-implant mucositis, and peri-implantitis amounted to 38.3%, 57.5%, and 4.2% of the patients, respectively. The mucosal recession of 1 mm was present at 4 implants. No suppuration, pain, or implant failures were reported. Ordinal logistic regression revealed that reduced keratinized mucosa height was significantly associated with the diagnosis of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.

The study concluded that the immediate implant placement and loading was associated with high success rates at 2 to 10 years. Therefore, the results are significantly useful in the clinical settings offering implants.