This study clearly states that Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) examination is an integral technique used for treating type B aortic dissection (TBAD) because it verifies true lumen access. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of IVUS, to determine factors associated with IVUS use, and to investigate the potential survival benefit associated with IVUS in the treatment of TBAD.

A retrospective review of TEVARs performed for TBAD in the national Vascular Quality Initiative was performed from January 2010 to August 2018. Data collected included demographics, intraoperative and postoperative variables, and long-term mortality. Multivariable logistic regression evaluated variables associated with IVUS the use and mortality, and Cox regression was performed for adjusted survival analysis. IVUS examination was used in the majority of TBAD, although not universally. IVUS examination was used more often in acute TBAD and more complex aortic repairs, and was independently associated with improved long-term survival. Further study is needed to understand these patterns.

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