We reported four cases of intramural haematoma of the descending thoracic aorta. Four patients, aged 55-82 years, hypertensive, were transferred from the emergency room of other hospitals due to the appearance of epigastric pain and left thorax pain. All patients underwent computed tomography angiography reporting the presence of intramural haematoma. Three patients underwent a drug therapy to maintain a controlled hypotension. A computed tomography revaluation was performed documenting (1) an increase in the thickness of the intramural haematoma, (2) the appearance of a penetrating ulcer within the haematoma and (3) the appearance of several penetrating lesions throughout the thoracic aorta. Patients required the placement of one or two thoracic aorta endoprosthesis. For the fourth patient, the hyperdense appearance of the intramural haematoma and the presence of pleural effusion suggested an urgent treatment intervention. All patients underwent a placement of cerebrospinal fluid catheter and drainage before treatment. All patients were treated with endovascular intervention with 100% technical success and absence of migration or retrograde type A dissection. There were no complications related to femoral surgical access or access routes. Perioperative mortality was null; no patient had paraplegia. No strokes, transient ischemic attack or perioperative myocardial infarction were observed. The average hospitalization was 5 days. After 3 months, angio-computed tomography reported for all patients a complete reabsorption of the intramural haematoma and a complete exclusion of the penetrating ulcer of the aortic wall present at the time of the intervention. There have been no cases of distant thoracic aortic tears. Endovascular treatment must be considered the preeminent treatment for thoracic aortic haematoma. Best timing to perform the endovascular procedure depends on the patient clinical picture and on stability of hemodynamic parameters.