In Indonesia, no study has been published to evaluate the utility scores among children with pneumonia. This study aims to quantify the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with pneumonia in Indonesia using the EuroQoL Descriptive System (EQ-5D-5L) value set for Indonesia.
A hospital-based cross-sectional survey was conducted between September 2017 and March 2018. Children aged <14 years old who were hospitalized for pneumonia in 11 hospitals in Yogyakarta were recruited for this study. The EQ-5D-5L and visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) were applied to the parents (proxy-assessment).
A total of 384 patients were hospitalized with pneumonia. Among those patients, 338 (88.02%) were without congenital diseases; and 46 (11.98%) were with congenital diseases. The mean of utility scores in all patients was 0.67 ± 0.28, while the mean of visual analog scale (VAS) score was 67.66 ± 21.98. The mean of utility scores and VAS scores decreased among those with congenital diseases, which is 0.51 ± 0.51 and 65.41 ± 19.42, respectively. However, the utility score and VAS scores among patients without congenital diseases were higher than the category of all patients. Showing the number of,0.69 ± 0.23 and 68.0 ± 22.3, respectively.
This study confirmed that children with pneumonia had a negative impact on HRQOL. The HRQOL could be used for future economic evaluation studies.