Our study aims to clarify the relationship between weight parameters and colorectal cancer outcomes.
NCBI, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science were searched from inception to December 2019. Studies reporting colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality, recurrence, disease-free survival, overall survival, overall mortality stratified by pre-diagnosis BMI or post-diagnosis weight change, were included in the analysis. Random effects analysis was performed for all outcomes, with heterogeneity assessed by the I statistic.
Our meta-analysis included 45 studies encompassing 607,266 patients. Obesity was associated with increased odds of overall mortality and CRC-specific mortality compared to normal weight (p < 0.001). Patients with underweight BMI had increased odds of CRC-specific mortality compared to normal BMI but were not significantly different from obese BMI.
Obese and underweight BMI are associated with increased CRC-specific and overall mortality compared to normal BMI. Long term prognosis was similar for patients with obese and underweight BMI.