Nuclear grades are proved to be one of the most significant prognostic factors for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Radiomics nomogram is a widely used noninvasive tool that could predict tumor phenotypes. In this study, we performed radiomics analysis to develop and validate a CT-based nomogram for the preoperative prediction of nuclear grades in ccRCC.
CT images and clinical data of 258 ccRCC patients were retrieved from the Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA). Radiomics features were extracted from arterial-phase CT images using 3D Slicer software. LASSO regression model was performed to develop a radiomics signature in the training set (n = 143). A radiomics nomogram was constructed combining radiomics signature and selected clinical predictors. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calibration curve were used to determine the performance of the radiomics nomogram in the training and validation set (n = 115). Decision curve analysis was used to assess the clinical usefulness of the CT-based nomogram.
One thousand three hundred sixteen radiomics features were extracted from arterial-phase CT images. A radiomics signature, consisting of 20 features, was developed and showed a favorable performance in discriminating nuclear grades with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.914 and 0.846 in the training and validation set, respectively. The CT-based nomogram, including the radiomics signature and the CT-determined T stage, achieved good calibration and discrimination in the training set (AUC, 0.929; 95% CI, 0.886-0.972) and validation set (AUC, 0.876; 95% CI, 0.812-0.939). Decision curve analysis demonstrated the clinical usefulness of the CT-based nomogram.
The noninvasive CT-based nomogram, including radiomics signature and CT-determined T stage, could improve the accuracy of preoperative grading of ccRCC and provide individualized treatment for ccRCC patients.
• Contrast-enhanced CT may help in preoperative grading of ccRCC. • The CT-based nomogram incorporated a radiomics signature and CT-determined T stage could preoperatively predict ccRCC grades. • The CT-based nomogram has the potential to improve individualized treatment and assist clinical decision making of ccRCC patients.