Chemoresistance is one of the barriers for the development of bladder cancer treatments. Previously, we showed that glycoprotein-130 (GP130) is overexpressed in chemoresistant bladder cancer cells and that knocking down GP130 expression reduced cell viability. In our current work, we showed that down-regulation of GP130 sensitized bladder cancer cells to cisplatin-based chemotherapy by activating DNA repair signaling. We performed immunohistochemistry and demonstrated a positive correlation between the levels of Ku70, an initiator of canonical non-homologous end joining repair (c-NHEJ) and suppressor of apoptosis, and GP130 in human bladder cancer specimens. GP130 knockdown by SC144, a small molecule inhibitor, in combination with cisplatin, increased the number of DNA lesions, specifically DNA double-stranded breaks, with a subsequent increase in apoptosis and reduced cell viability. Furthermore, GP130 inhibition attenuated Ku70 expression in bladder and breast cancer cells as well as in transformed kidney cells. In addition, we fabricated a novel polymer-lipid hybrid delivery system to facilitate GP130 siRNA delivery that had a similar efficiency when compared with Lipofectamine, but induced less toxicity.