The Vaccine Administration Law of the People’s Republic of China and other relevant laws require that vaccine recipients or their guardians be educated about vaccines and how they work, and described in general the methods and contents of such vaccination education. With the new law and “Standard Operational Procedures for Immunization” as foundation documents, and in consultation with experts at home and abroad, the Chinese Preventive Medicine Association developed a consensus statement about informed consent for vaccination. This consensus statement is written for disease control and prevention health care personnel in vaccination services and describes the educational content of informed consent, a theoretical framework for immunization and immunization knowledge, the informed consent processes, principles of planning for vaccination, and an informed consent form. Part One of the consensus includes the general principles of vaccination and provides specific information on hepatitis B vaccine, Bacillus Calmette- Guérin vaccine, poliomyelitis vaccine, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine, measles-containing vaccine, Japanese encephalitis vaccine, meningococcal vaccine, and hepatitis A vaccine.