The periocular area is the first to display signs of ageing. Dermal fillers are an increasingly popular, minimally invasive method for facial rejuvenation. The eye is anatomically delicate and complex. Therefore, special consideration must be taken if dermal fillers are employed. This article examines the literature to assess the efficacy and safety of dermal fillers around the eye as well as the management of complications secondary to dermal filler use, such as oedema, granuloma formation, filler migration, xanthelasma, skin necrosis and visual loss. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is the most popular and commonly employed dermal filler for periocular use. It is effective, with good observer improvement and patient satisfaction (p<0.0001). Ninety percent of adverse events are mild in nature and self-resolve within 1 month. Malar oedema is a delayed complication unique to the periocular area, occurring in 11% of patients. This can be managed with use of hyaluronidase if a HA filler has been employed. Other complications, such as granuloma formation, filler migration and xanthelasma, have also been reported with variable management outcomes. Vascular adverse events include skin necrosis and visual loss. No Level 1 evidence exists for the management of visual loss. Two cases of visual restoration have been identified in the literature; however, this is rare.
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