Reconstruction using tumor endoprosthesis has been widely used in cases with large bone defects caused by bone and soft tissue tumor resection of the distal femur which extend into the knee joint. However, reconstruction failure can lead to major problems in the long term. We have been performing impaction bone grafting with allogeneic cancellous bone during revision surgery for tumor endoprosthesis of the distal femur to compensate for the thinness and fragility of the remaining femur. The aim of this study is to examine the surgical method, problems, and clinical outcomes of revision surgery with impaction bone grafting.
Three patients who underwent revision surgery for tumor endoprosthesis using impaction bone grafting at our institution with more than 2 years of follow-up were included.
Union between the graft and host bone were achieved in all cases. The mean time to radiographic union was 1.0 year (0.6-1.5 years). Although intraoperative penetration to the anterior cortex of the distal femur occurred in 2 cases, there were no postoperative fractures. There were no failures of tumor endoprosthesis at final observation.
Good short-term results were observed in 3 patients who underwent revision tumor endoprosthesis with impaction bone grafting following a bone and soft tissue tumor resection of the distal femur. The method was considered to be a useful treatment option. Impaction bone grafting is an established surgical option that can be applied to revision surgery for tumor endoprosthesis.