The introduction of monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapies represents a promising treatment for refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). We assessed the effects of selected mAbs (omalizumab, mepolizumab, benralizumab) on CRS in severe asthmatic patients in a real-life setting.
A prospective observational study on severe asthmatic patients, treated with 3 different mAb (omalizumab, mepolizumab, benralizumab), and comorbid CRS was conducted. All patients were followed for 52 weeks. The degree of nasal control, SinoNasal Outcome Test (SNOT) 22, Nasal Polyp Score (NPS), Lund Kennedy Score (LKS) were collected at baseline and at 52-week.
40 patients (33 with nasal polyps) were studied. 33 patients (82.5%) had uncontrolled nasal disease at baseline, and 15 (37.5%) were uncontrolled after 52 weeks. Significant improvement was observed for SNOT 22 (P < 0.001), SNOT 1-12 (P < 0.001) and degree of nasal control (P < 0.001). Differences in NPS (P = 0.130) and LKS (P = 0.124) were not significant. Net change in the above-mentioned parameters among the three treatment groups was not significantly different.
The study shows an improvement of nasal symptoms after 52 weeks of mAb treatment, which was not associated with significant improvement of endoscopic findings. Larger studies are needed to assess the real-life efficacy of mAbs in CRS.