Fatty acid binding protein (FABP) is a family of transport proteins for fatty acid (FA). Epidermal FABP (E-FABP) is highly expressed by resident memory T cells (T ) in the skin. It supports the uptake of exogenous FA for long-term survival of skin T . Mycosis fungoides (MF) is regarded as malignancy of skin T . In this study, we investigated E-FABP expression in psoriasis vulgaris (PV), atopic dermatitis (AD), MF, and Sézary syndrome (SS). E-FABP mRNA levels in PV were much higher than those in healthy controls. E-FABP mRNA levels in AD and MF/SS lesional skin were also significantly higher than those of normal skin. By immunohistochemical staining, E-FABP was positive in MF/SS lesional skin. Interestingly, E-FABP was stained positive in epidermotropic lymphoid cells in patch, plaque, and erythrodermic lesions of MF/SS, suggesting that a part of tumor cells expressed E-FABP. In tumorous lesions, however, most dermal tumor cells were negative for E-FABP. Immunohistochemical staining using patch/plaque lesions and tumorous lesions from the same patients also revealed that E-FABP expression decreased in tumorous lesions. Our study has suggested that MF/SS tumor cells express E-FABP, whose expression decreases with loss of epidermotropism.