The polymorphisms inside microRNA target sites locating in the 3′-UTR region may introduce the micro-RNA-binding changes, which may regulate the gene expression and correlate with the potential diseases.
We aimed to investigate whether the polymorphisms in microRNA target sites of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway genes are associated with the susceptibility of mite-sensitized allergic rhinitis (AR) in a Han Chinese population.
In this case-control study, 454 AR patients and 448 healthy controls were recruited. Three HapMap single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were mapped to putative microRNA recognition sites and genotyped by TaqMan allelic discrimination assay.
The genotype and allele frequencies of 3 SNPs (rs1590 in TGFBR1; rs1434536 and rs17023107 in BMPR1B) showed lack of significant association with AR. However, in the subgroup analysis, the TG, GG, and TG/GG genotypes of rs1590 exhibited significantly increased risk of AR in the male subgroup (TG: adjusted OR = 1.57, 95% CI = 1.08-2.31; GG: adjusted OR = 1.76, 95% CI = 1.09-2.86; TG/GG: adjusted OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.13-2.33). The CT genotypes of rs17023107 might have potential to protect against AR in the patients age of <15 years (adjusted OR = 0.37, 95% CI = 0.14-0.95) and the males (adjusted OR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.25-0.95). No significant association was found between SNPs and the total serum IgE level.
In a Han Chinese population, stratified by age and gender, susceptibility to mite-sensitized AR may be associated with 2 SNPs (rs1590 and rs17023107) in microRNA target sites of TGF-β signaling pathway genes.