Pomalidomide, an immunomodulatory drug, was investigated for pediatric brain tumors. The objectives of this analysis were to characterize the PK of pomalidomide and to examine exposure-response relationship in pediatric patients with recurrent or progressive primary brain tumors.
Nonlinear mixed effects modeling was employed in developing a population PK model of pomalidomide using a total of 343 concentrations from 70 patients. Logistic regression models were used for exposure-response analyses.
The PK of pomalidomide was adequately described with a one compartment model with first-order absorption and elimination. Body surface area (BSA) was identified as a statistically significant covariate of apparent clearance and volume of distribution; however, the impact of BSA on exposure parameters was not deemed clinically relevant. Pomalidomide exposure was not associated with higher probabilities of treatment-emergent adverse events or pomalidomide dose interruptions during Cycle 1. Covariates such as BSA, weight, sex, age, and race had no significant effect on safety endpoints. The PK of pomalidomide in pediatric patients with brain tumors was generally consistent with that in adult patients with multiple myeloma after adjustment for BSA.
This is the first study to characterize PK of pomalidomide in pediatric patients, which supports BSA-based dosing for pediatric patients.
This is the first study to characterize PK of pomalidomide in pediatric patients, which supports BSA-based dosing for pediatric patients. There is no significant pomalidomide PK difference between adults and pediatrics. Pomalidomide exposure was not associated with higher probabilities of treatment-emergent adverse event or pomalidomide dose interruptions during Cycle 1.