Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is an efficient and specific biomarker for the accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), one of the diseases with the highest mortality worldwide. Due to the short course and high fatality of this disease, a rapid, accurate and portable device for quantitative detection is urgently needed for early diagnosis and treatment. In this work, we designed a handheld device based on a dual-gate ion-sensitive field-effect transistor (ISFET) for early and accurate warning of AMI through cTnI detection. A one-step enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay strategy was proposed for use in this device to recognize trace cTnI in serum, converting the cTnI concentration to a drain-source current generated by an ultrasensitive ISFET. This portable device exhibited an ultrahigh sensitivity of 132 pA pg·mL, a wide linear range from 1 to 1000 pg/mL that enabled coverage far exceeding the threshold level (280 pg/mL), and a low detection limit of 0.3 pg/mL for the cTnI assay, which was much lower than the current diagnostic cut-off for a healthy control level for AMI (40 pg/mL). In addition, this handheld device showed satisfactory selectivity and reliable results in the analysis of real serum within 20 min, indicating its potential applications in early screening and diagnosis for the clinical evaluation of AMI.
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