The number of renal transplants has been increasing in recent years. Recent literature data show that abdominal operations performed on patients who undergo renal transplant have higher morbidity and mortality.
A 49-year-old man who had received a renal transplant from a living donor 19 years ago underwent Lichtenstein tension-free hernia repair. Anuria was observed after the operation. Renal ultrasound demonstrated massive hydronephrosis and an elevated serum creatinine level (4.6 mg/dL). It was thought that the ureter may have been obstructed because of the operation, and, with the patient under local anesthesia, all sutures and polypropylene mesh were removed. Urine output was still not present, so a percutaneous nephrostomy catheter was inserted to normalize renal function. The patient underwent reoperation under general anesthesia 45 hours after the first operation. It was observed that the ureter was ligated during high ligation. The ureter was released, and no additional intervention was performed. The patient was discharged 6 days later with a return to basal creatinine level and a percutaneous nephrostomy catheter. The patient was hospitalized twice for severe urinary tract infection and urosepsis within 3 months and received appropriate treatment. The patient has had an uneventful postoperative course for 18 months.
Inguinal hernia repair is seen as a safe surgical procedure, but the risk of emerging urological complications is higher in patients with renal transplant. Imaging before surgery to identify the anatomy of the kidney and ureter may be useful. Delicate dissection of the extraperitoneal area during the operation will reduce surgical complications.

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