Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most prevalent primary intraocular malignant tumor with a high lethal rate. Patients who undergo conventional enucleation treatments consistently suffer permanent blindness, facial defects, and mental disorders, therefore, novel therapeutic modalities are urgently required. Herein, an injectable and stimuli-responsive drug delivery antibacterial hydrogel (CP@Au@DC_AC50) is constructed via a facile grinding method that is inspired by the preparation process of traditional Chinese medicine. The incorporation of gold nanorods can enhance the mechanical strength of the hydrogel and realize photothermal therapy (PTT) and thermosensitive gel-sol transformation to release the gene-targeted drug DC_AC50 on demand in response to low-density near-infrared (NIR) light. The orthotopic model of UM is built successfully and indicates the excellent efficiency of CP@Au@DC_AC50 in killing tumors without damage to normal tissue because of its synergistic mild temperature PTT and gene-targeted therapy. Moreover, the eyeball infection model reveals the remarkable antibacterial properties of the hydrogel which can prevent endophthalmitis in the eyeball. There is negligible difference between the CP@Au@DC_AC50+NIR group and normal group. This NIR light-triggered gene-targeted therapy/PTT/antibacterial treatment pattern provides a promising strategy for building multifunctional therapeutic platform against intraocular tumors and exhibits great potential for the clinical treatment of UM.
© 2021 The Authors. Advanced Science published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.