The objective of this retrospective study was to describe the indications, complications, and long-term outcomes in a group of cats that received an epicardial pacing (EP) system.
Twenty client-owned cats.
Medical records were reviewed for signalment, presenting complaint, primary electrocardiogram (ECG) diagnosis, presence of structural heart disease, presence of congestive heart failure (CHF), presence of major or minor complications, and survival time.
The majority of cats were presented for syncope (n = 11), and the most common ECG diagnosis was advanced second-degree atrioventricular block (n = 9). Fifteen cats (15/20, 75%) had one or more major or minor complications. One cat died in the perioperative period as a result of a major complication. None of the variables evaluated were associated with a statistically significant increase in the occurrence of major or minor complications. The most common major complication was loss of ventricular capture (seven instances in six cats), which was successfully treated in all cases by increasing pacemaker output or replacing both the lead and the pulse generator. The most common minor complications were arrhythmias (n = 7) and sensing issues (n = 8). The overall median survival time (MST) was 948 days. No statistical difference in survival time was identified between cats that experienced a major complication and those that did not.
Although complications were common in this feline population after EP, major and minor complications were successfully treated.

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