The location of the optic disc (OD) and the fovea is usually crucial in automatic screening systems for diabetic retinopathy. Previous methods aimed at their location often fail when these structures do not have the standard appearance. The purpose of this work is to propose novel, robust methods for the automatic detection of the OD and the fovea.
The proposed method comprises a preprocessing stage, a method for retinal background extraction, a vasculature segmentation phase and the computation of various novel saliency maps. The main novelty of this work is the combination of the proposed saliency maps, which represent the spatial relationships between some structures of the retina and the visual appearance of the OD and fovea. Another contribution is the method to extract the retinal background, based on region-growing.
The proposed methods were evaluated over a proprietary database and three public databases: DRIVE, DiaretDB1 and Messidor. For the OD, we achieved 100% accuracy for all databases except Messidor (99.50%). As for the fovea location, we also reached 100% accuracy for all databases except Messidor (99.67%).
Our results suggest that the proposed methods are robust and effective to automatically detect the OD and the fovea. This way, they can be useful in automatic screening systems for diabetic retinopathy as well as other retinal diseases.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.