Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major cause of cervical cancer in women. The characteristics of HPV infection vary; therefore, it is necessary to identify the most common HPV genotypes among a group of subjects when introducing a vaccine program. Currently, in the Yanbian Autonomous Region, no HPV vaccinations are not provided, and no data has been reported regarding HPV rates or genotype prevalence. We aimed to find the most suitable HPV vaccine for this region and reasons why no vaccine has been introduced.
HPV genotyping of 200 Korean-Chinese women living in the Yanbian Autonomous Region who visited the hospital for annual health examination was done. We also checked main factors necessary for HPV vaccine administrative system; (1) vaccine manufacturers in China, (2) vaccine importers, (3) vaccine suppliers, (4) applicable vaccine laws, (5) the HPV vaccine permit system in Jilin Province, and (6) vaccination hospital facilities-were assessed by direct inquiry and search.
The results showed that HPV genotypes 52, 58, 16, 53, and 33 were the most common among Korean-Chinese women. These results differed from those previously reported for Korean or Chinese women. All elements necessary for introduction of HPV vaccine were prepared, but there is no HPV vaccination plan based on epidemiological investigation.
Gardasil® 9 should be the most suitable vaccine for Korean-Chinese women with HPV infection and cervical cancer in this region considering the prevalence of certain genotypes. Governments and medical institutions should take an active stance on HPV vaccination to lower the incidence of cervical cancer here. Our study may serve as an important reference for introducing a Chinese government program designed to prevent cervical cancer.