Hyperuricemia (HUA) plays an important role in metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and kidney disease. HUA without resulting gout is referred to as asymptomatic HUA. The purpose of the present systematic review protocol is to provide methods to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture-based treatment for asymptomatic HUA.
To identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving acupuncture-based treatment for asymptomatic HUA, a search will be carried out using the following eight electronic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Korea Med, Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System, Korean Studies Information Service System, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Japanese Institutional Repositories Online. Manual search and email contact with the author will also be conducted if necessary. Studies will be selected based on predefined criteria and summarized data regarding study participants, interventions, control groups, outcome measures, side effects, and risk of bias. No language restrictions will be imposed. Studies that evaluated any type of acupuncture will be eligible for inclusion, and the primary outcome will be the blood uric acid level. The methodological quality of the included RCTs will be assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool.
The present study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture to treat HUA.
Our findings will establish the evidence for acupuncture-based treatment of HUA and will be informative for patients with HUA, clinicians, policy makers, and researchers.