Retrospective analysis of patients with large vessel occlusion in the anterior and posterior circulation treated with stent retriever MT. The study group was dichotomized into short (20 mm) and long (>20 mm) retrievers using propensity matching. In the anterior circulation, the clot burden score was evaluated. Primary end points were first-pass modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (mTICI) 3 reperfusion and first-pass mTICI ≥ 2b reperfusion, and the secondary end point was functional independence (defined as modified Rankin Scale score 0-2) at discharge and 90 days.
Overall, 394 patients were included in the analysis. In the anterior circulation, short stent retrievers had a significantly higher rate of first-pass reperfusion in cases with low clot burden (mTICI 3: 27% vs. 17%; p = 0.009; mTICI ≥ 2b: 42 vs. 30%; p = 0.005) and in middle cerebral artery occlusions (mTICI ≥ 2b: 51 vs. 41%; p = 0.024). Higher rates of favorable outcome at discharge and 90 days were observed for the short stent retriever group (p < 0.001).
Stent retriever length should be adjusted to clot burden score and vessel occlusion site.
© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.