In the cyclic rat in estrus, the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has an impact on ovarian function, which depends on the endocrine status of the animal. In this work, we aimed to clarify the participation of VIP in the pathophysiological condition of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) using a model of PCOS induced by estradiol valerate (EV-PCOS) in rats.
In the cyclic rat in estrus and in the EV-PCOS model, we analyzed the acute effects of blocking VIP receptors with the use of an antagonist (Ant-VIP) injected into the left or right ovarian bursa on the steroidogenic response and ovarian catecholamine levels.
In the cyclic animal in estrus, the treatment with Ant-VIP in the left ovarian bursa resulted in a reduction in testosterone serum levels and in ovarian levels of dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), without changes in 4-hydroxy-3- methoxyphenyl (MHPG) and norepinephrine (NE). When the treatment was applied on the right side, only MHPG levels increased. In the EV-PCOS model, the treatment with Ant-VIP in the left ovarian bursa increased testosterone, estradiol, MHPG, and NE levels. When the treatment was performed on the right side, progesterone levels decreased and estradiol increased, without changes in ovarian catecholamines.
The binding of VIP to its receptors differentially regulates steroidogenesis in the cyclic animal in estrus and in the EV-PCOS model. The blocking of VIP signaling produces changes in ovarian catecholamines.

Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.