To investigate the types, frequency and clinical profiles of uveitic glaucoma seen at a tertiary care center and also to have an idea about the distribution of uveitic glaucoma types in Turkish population.
Consecutive case notes of all patients attending a specialized uveitis clinic over a 3-month period were reviewed retrospectively.
One hundred and seven eyes of 96 patients were included. Sixty-five of the eyes had anterior, one intermediate, nine posterior uveitis while 32 of them had panuveitis. Twenty-three eyes had acute, 52 chronic and 32 recurrent uveitis. Herpes virus associated iridocyclitis was the leading cause of anterior uveitis-associated uveitic glaucoma followed by cytomegalovirus (CMV) associated anterior uveitis; while steroid-induced glaucoma accounted for the majority of chronic uveitis with glaucoma followed by Fuchs’ uveitis syndrome (FUS). The most common causes of glaucoma among the cases were steroid-induced in 30 eyes (28%), Herpes virus anterior uveitis in 24 eyes (22%), CMV anterior uveitis in 20 eyes (18%), FUS in 15 eyes (14%), ocular toxoplasmosis in 5 eyes (4%). Behçet’s uveitis was the most common (n = 11, 36%) cause of steroid-induced glaucoma. The need for surgical intervention was 23.32% (n = 25; 12 of them were FUS, 8 steroid-dependent, 1 HSV and 3 CMV anterior uveitis and 1 angle closure glaucoma with idiopathic uveitis) in our cases.
Uveitic glaucoma is a common complication in a tertiary clinic. The most common causes are steroid-induced, FUS, viral anterior uveitis. The most common disease causing steroid induced glaucoma was Behçet’s disease. Glaucoma surgery is required in a significant number of cases.