Increasing patient age has been identified in clinical trials as a poor prognostic factor for functional independence after endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke. These findings may not be fully generalizable to clinical practice due to strict inclusion and exclusion criteria in these trials. We aim to assess and quantify the association of patient age, especially in patients >80 and >90 years old, with functional outcome after EVT in current, everyday clinical practice.
The ETIS (Endovascular Treatment in Ischemic Stroke) Registry is an ongoing, prospective, observational study of 6 comprehensive stroke centers in France. We analyzed 1,708 patients treated between January 2017 and December 2018 and assessed the association of patient age with functional outcome adjusting for demographic and procedural predictors of functional outcome.
The positive effect of mechanical thrombectomy diminished significantly with increasing age: compared to the 18-80 years age group, the odds for achieving a good functional outcome at 90 days after the procedure decreased in the 80-90 and >90 years groups (multilevel OR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.28-0.51 and OR: 0.2, 95% CI: 0.09-0.45, respectively, p 90 years group).
Patient age is strongly associated with functional outcome after EVT for acute ischemic stroke. The positive effect of thrombectomy persists in older age groups, even after adjustment for prognostic factors related to poor functional outcome. Stroke physicians should provide EVT irrespective of the patient’s age.

© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.